This paper analyzes the crisis besetting the Philippines as a
culmination of unresolved vicious cycles that have perennially
dominated society and government. The ascendancy and failure of the
Estrada administration, it asserts, mirrors the ongoing struggle
between reality and want, vested interests and public virtue, and
democracy’s form and substance. Popular will and acceptance have once
again fused with particularistic interests to produce a dangerous
formula for national disaster – the legitimization of a corrupt but
populist State.

Clearly, to abate the vicious cycle and prerequisite to Philippine
development, reinvention and strengthening of institutions of the
State, the Market, and Civil Society, and a delineation of their
respective domains, need to be undertaken.

Read full text (.pdf, 35kb, 8pp.)