This paper is an exhaustive inquiry into key governance issues both at
the level of national and local government as well. It views corruption
in the Philippines as being systemic, as a historical and on-going
phenomenon that incessantly ravages our country of valuable and scarce
resources. Finally, it proposes new ways of thinking and acting to
de-institutionalize corruption in the Philippines.

The Philippines is touted to be one of a few genuine democracies in
East Asia. However, its political and governance system must be able to
initiate major reforms in the next few years to meet the challenges of
a rapidly changing world. National governance in the Philippines is
still constrained by a variety of issues. These include:

  • Weak and Unpredictable Regulatory Environment
  • Policy Incoherence, Flip-flops and Gridlock
  • Particularism and Patronage Politics
  • Weak Law Enforcement and Slow administration of Justice
  • Inadequate Organizational and Technical Capacity of the Bureaucracy.

At the local level, key governance issues include:

  • Decentralization and Devolution in 1991
  • The Limits of Local Autonomy
  • Executive Supervision and Legislative Control
  • Inter-local Government Cooperation
  • The Inequity of the Internal Revenue Allotment Share
  • Fiscal Flaws
  • Unfunded Mandates

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