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Tyranny of the Minority?

Yellow Pad By AJ Montesa   The “tyranny of the minority” is a term not often used. In democracies such as ours, primacy in decision making is given to the majority. But the power of the minority can be very real. Whether by formal or informal political structures, it is the reason that obviously beneficial […]

Fixing unfairness of incentives and more in TRAIN 2

Yellow Pad By Karla Michelle Yu   In our engagement with the private sector with regard to the second package of the comprehensive tax reform, I often hear a similar view from the businessmen: “Of course, we support the rationalization of fiscal incentives, of course we support leveling the playing field, but given our different […]


Yellow Pad By Filomeno S. Sta. Ana III As 2017 draws to a close, and even before we celebrate Christmas, the country is bracing itself for an upheaval. Consider the following major developments: 1. The Supreme Court Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno is being impeached. Notwithstanding the word of President Rodrigo Duterte that he is […]

Making the Philippines Investment Friendly for Growth and Employment: Are Labor Regulations the Binding Constraint?

Foreign direct investment (FDI) has long been acknowledged to be one of the critical inputs to developing the Philippine economy. Recognizing the potential benefits of FDI, the Government has sought to make the investment climate more hospitable by liberalizing its investment policies. However, in spite of various measures to open up more areas to foreign participation in the last twenty years, the country still lags behind its regional neighbors in terms of FDI inflows. There has in fact been a noticeable decline in FDI inflows in the last few years.

Air Transport Policy Reforms

International air transport is a critical pillar in the overall competitiveness and sustainability of the Philippine economy. The availability of an efficient network of air transport services to move goods and people is a major attraction for investments in high value production and in service-oriented facilities. International air connectivity is the major infrastructure that will harness the widely-recognized yet least appreciated strategic geographical location of the country for tourism and high value trade and logistics in the Asia-Pacific region. About 70 percent of the value of Philippine exports is moved by air. Ninety-eight percent of visitor arrivals arrived by air. The network of 8 million Overseas Filipinos including the 3.5 million Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) travel by air to and from their place of work. The country has an existing and extensive network of international and domestic airports and most of which remain underutilized.

Making the Philippines Investment Friendly for Growth and Employment: Policy Reforms to Address the Binding Legal Constraints to Investments

To guide us in this study on legal barriers to investments, we use a basic investment framework with the perspective that institutions are the deep determinants of growth. In this regard, our framework discusses the interconnection of the Coase theorem, the credibility of commitments, the hold-up problem, and the existence of effective third-party enforcement mechanisms.

The study also adopts the approach of identifying the binding constraints on investments and proposes solutions—in the real world, second-best solutions are more effective, to these binding constraints.