This study is focused on a subsector of the industry, referred to as “large-scale metallic mining” around which the above-mentioned controversies have revolved. Small-scale mining actually comprises a significant amount of the sector’s output, but it is governed by another law and regulated by another set of government agencies/offices. Thus, inclusion of small-scale mining revenue issues in this paper would be impractical.
Given the complexity of transparency issues—which range from data gathering and availability to bureaucratic processes across a num- ber of government agencies, this paper is not able to tackle the transparency question comprehensively. The objective is to present a preliminary study, one which will identify the more striking gaps in information and to identify areas for further study in the future.
Primary information for this paper was sourced from a series of Focused Group Discussions (FGDs) with community members and civil society leaders in eight localities where mining operations have located. These were conducted by Bantay Kita from November 2010 to January 2011. The FGD results were enhanced by Key Informant Interviews and exchanges (formal and informal) with industry stakeholders who were willing to cooperate with the inquiry.
Secondary data was sourced from government agencies and other studies. Disaggregated data was available for some categories, e.g., value of production for large-scale, small-scale and non-metallic mining. But this was not the case for other data, such as taxes. The lack of disaggregation presented an obstacle to making certain evaluations, for example, on the contribution by large-scale mining operations to government revenues.
Read full text of “Transparency Issues in the Philippine Mining Industry”. (in .pdf, 28pp.)