This paper discusses lessons from past experiences in structural adjustment programs and concludes that structural reforms done via sector deregulation without serious accompanying institutional reforms are dangerous and are likely to experience limited success or fail altogether.
Two factors make tinkering with the tax code irresistible. One, the
BIR’s tax effort, contributing roughly 75% of National Government tax
revenue, has slid down to pre-CTRP (Comprehensive Tax Reform Package) levels. After peaking at 13% in 1997, it went down to 10.9% in 2000, lower than the 1994 BIR tax effort of 11%. Two, the revenue “crisis” comes at a time when prospects for economic recovery are bleak, and all sectors look to government to stimulate economic activity.
This paper attempts to show the links between gender and poverty, and trace historically the international discourse on development which also impinged on national directions and realities. It focuses on the strategic objectives of the 1995 Beijing Platform for Action regarding women and poverty.
For over a decade from the 1970s to the 1980s, the Philippine cement industry thrived under a powerful, government-sanctioned cartel that captured Filipino consumers and industry users including the government. In the absence of information, the government, through the Philippine Cement Industry Authority (PCIA), had to coordinate closely with the industry association, the Philippine Cement Corp. (Philcemcor). This led to the collusion of firms through informal agreements to set production quotas and geographic markets. By regulating prices and outputs, prices were no longer the product of competition among rival producers but more of the outcome of negotiations between the government and a small number of producers.
Most economic analysts agree that the gaping fiscal deficit is the single biggest factor that will drag our economic recovery in the next few years. Critics of the President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s SONA mainly questioned the doability, not the merits, of her concrete proposals, citing the serious fiscal constraints facing the government. But we are in this situation because actual government fiscal performance in the past two years had deviated widely from the projections made in the Estrada Angat Pinoy Plan.
This paper asserts that unemployment protection should receive greater attention from policymakers in the face of the unfolding vulnerabilities of globalization. To substantiate such assertion, the paper discusses the need for unemployment protection, analyzes the existing unemployment protection mechanisms, identifies protection gaps and proposes doable measures in addressing the gaps by refining relevant social legislation.
The paper scans briefly the overall performance of the education sector and highlights the particular situation of Mindanao. It cited particularly the poorest regions (the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao or ARMM and Western Mindanao) that consistently scored lowest in most education-related indicators and get a disproportionate share of the education budget.