ON SOCIAL WELFARE AND PROTECTION

SPEECH OF MRS. CORAZON S. DE LA PAZ-BERNARDO, INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL

SECURITY ASSOCIATION (ISSA) PRESIDENT, AT THE STRATEGIC CONFERENCE ON
SOCIAL WELFARE AND PROTECTION – 06 JULY 2009, SOFITEL PHILIPPINE PLAZA

LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, COLLEAGUES AND FRIENDS, IT IS AN HONOUR AND A
PLEASURE TO BE INVITED TO SPEAK AT THIS MEETING ON SOCIAL WELFARE AND
PROTECTION. IT IS HERE THAT YOU, THE REPRESENTATIVES OF VARIOUS
PHILIPPINE SOCIALLY ORIENTED GROUPINGS, BRING THE HOPE OF A MORE JUST
AND DECENT FUTURE TO THE PEOPLE YOU REPRESENT.

I THANK LINDA WIRTH FOR DISCUSSING SOCIAL SECURITY FROM THE ILO’S POINT
OF VIEW, ESPECIALLY ABOUT A GLOBAL FLOOR FOR SOCIAL SECURITY.

WE OFTEN HEAR THAT SOCIAL SECURITY IS NOT ONLY A GREAT ACHIEVEMENT OF
THE 20TH CENTURY, BUT THAT IT IS AN INESCAPABLE PRIORITY OF THIS
MILLENNIUM. WITHOUT SOCIAL SECURITY, SUSTAINABLE AND MORE EQUITABLE
ECONOMIC GROWTH IS NOT POSSIBLE.

IF EVIDENCE OF THIS ACHIEVEMENT IS NEEDED, I WOULD ASK YOU TO IMAGINE
WHAT OUR SOCIETIES WOULD BE LIKE IF WE COULD NOT  RELY ON SOCIAL
SECURITY, EVEN HOW MEAGER, TO BE THERE WHEN WE NEED IT.

BUT IF OUR CONFIDENCE IN SOCIAL SECURITY IS TO BE MAINTAINED, THERE IS
A NEED TO HONOUR COMMITMENTS TO SOCIETY. FIRST, SOCIAL SECURITY
INSTITUTIONS MUST DELIVER ACCORDING TO THEIR MANDATES. OFTEN THIS MEANS
THEY MUST IMPROVE AND EXTEND BENEFITS. EQUALLY, GOVERNMENT MUST RESPOND
TO THE VOICED EXPECTATIONS OF POPULATIONS. GOVERNMENT MUST ACT TO
ENSURE A SUSTAINABLE FRAMEWORK FOR IMPROVING SOCIAL SECURITY.

THE GOAL OF THIS MEETING IS TO PROVIDE AN ARENA TO DISCUSS HOW SOCIAL
SECURITY CAN BE A POSITIVE FORCE IN TOMORROW’S WORLD. SOCIAL SECURITY
WILL HAVE TO ADAPT TO NEW SOCIETAL AND ECONOMIC CONDITIONS. THE
EXPECTATION IS THAT TODAY’S SESSION WILL BOTH INSPIRE AND CHALLENGE US
IN OUR WORK TO EXTEND AND IMPROVE SOCIAL SECURITY FOR ALL.

SOCIAL SECURITY: WHAT IS IT, AND WHY WAS IT CREATED?

SOCIAL SECURITY HAS EXISTED SINCE TIME IMMEMORIAL. WE COULD ENDLESSLY
DEBATE THE DEFINITION OF SOCIAL SECURITY. BUT FOR ME, AT ITS CORE,
SOCIAL SECURITY MUST PROVIDE THE ELEMENT OF “ECONOMIC SECURITY” AGAINST
THE MULTITUDE OF RISKS THAT PEOPLE FACE THROUGHOUT THEIR LIVES.

IN MY VIEW, IT IS THE “SOCIAL” COMPONENT THAT EXPRESSES HOW THAT
SECURITY IS PROVIDED. FOR US, THE HUMAN RACE, IT HAS ALWAYS BEEN BY
BELONGING TO A SOCIAL GROUP LIKE A FAMILY, A CLAN, A COMPANY OR A
COMMUNITY OR COUNTRY. BY BELONGING TO A SOCIAL GROUP IT HAS BEEN
POSSIBLE TO REDUCE THE RISKS IN DAILY LIFE AND PROVIDE GREATER
INDIVIDUAL SECURITY.

MANY OF OUR CURRENT SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS HAVE THEIR ROOTS IN THESE BEGINNINGS.

SOCIAL SECURITY AND SOCIAL JUSTICE ARE INNATE HUMAN RIGHTS, JUST AS
HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK TODAY IS A BASIC HUMAN RIGHT MORE THAN EVER.
THE ISSA, FROM ITS INCEPTION, 82 YEARS AGO, HAS PLAYED A VITAL ROLE IN
PROMOTING THE DEVELOPMENT AND EXPANSION OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND DECENT
WORK THROUGHOUT THE WORLD.

THE FIRST NATIONAL COMPULSORY HEALTH INSURANCE AND OLD AGE BENEFIT
SCHEMES APPEARED IN EUROPE IN THE LATE 1880S AND SPREAD THROUGHOUT MANY
PARTS OF THE WORLD IN ONE FORM OR ANOTHER. IN 1919, THE INTERNATIONAL
LABOUR OFFICE WAS CREATED AS A PART OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES THAT
ENDED THE HORRORS OF WORLD WAR I. ITS CREATION REFLECTED THE BELIEF
THAT UNIVERSAL AND LASTING PEACE COULD ONLY BE ACCOMPLISHED IF IT WERE
BASED ON SOCIAL JUSTICE. THERE WAS INCREASING UNDERSTANDING OF THE
WORLD’S ECONOMIC INTERDEPENDENCE AND THE NEED FOR COOPERATION.

IT WAS WITH THIS UNDERSTANDING THAT IN 1927 THE ISSA WAS FOUNDED WITH
THE BACKING OF THE ILO, AS THE MUCH NEEDED FORUM FOR SOCIAL SECURITY
ADMINISTRATORS, REPRESENTING DISPARATE CULTURES AND ECONOMIC SYSTEMS.

DURING WORLD WAR II IN NOVEMBER 1942, THE BEVERIDGE REPORT WAS
PRESENTED TO THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT. IT DECLARED A WAR ON “WANT”, AND
FREEDOM FROM DEPRAVATION THROUGH A COMPREHENSIVE SOCIAL INSURANCE
POLICY BASED ON SOCIAL PROGRESS.

IN 1948 THE UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS,
DECLARED SOCIAL SECURITY A BASIC HUMAN RIGHT, THEREBY GIVING IT A
LEGALLY RECOGNIZED PLACE NEXT TO SUCH OTHER NOBLE NOTIONS AS THE RIGHT
TO LIFE AND LIBERTY, AND NOW THE RIGHT TO HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK OR
DECENT WORK.

THE THIRTY YEARS FOLLOWING 1948 WITNESSED A LARGE SCALE EXPANSION OF
SOCIAL SECURITY TO MORE COUNTRIES, MORE BRANCHES, AND MORE CATEGORIES
OF PEOPLE COVERED AND PROTECTED.

SOME MIGHT ASK, “WHAT HAS THE PAST GOT TO DO WITH THE PRESENT?” IT’S
OVER, LET’S MOVE ON. HENRY FORD ONCE FAMOUSLY SAID, “HISTORY IS MORE OR
LESS BUNK.” AND THE HISTORIAN AND ECONOMIST FRANCIS FUKUYAMA BRASHLY
DECLARED, “THE END OF HISTORY.” I WOULD RESPECTFULLY DISAGREE. I
BELIEVE THAT WE CAN AND MUST LEARN FROM HISTORY. HISTORY PREPARES US,
AND TEACHES US WHAT WENT WRONG OR RIGHT, WHAT DIDN’T WORK AND WHAT DID,
AND HOW WE CAN AVOID THE FORMER AND BUILD ON THE LATTER.

AT THE END OF THE 19TH CENTURY, OLD-AGE POVERTY WAS SEEN AS ONE OF THE
MAJOR SOCIAL CHALLENGES IN EUROPE AND THE COMPULSORY SOCIAL INSURANCE
SCHEMES THAT I MENTIONED WERE INTRODUCED IN RESPONSE. A CENTURY LATER,
ALTHOUGH OLD-AGE POVERTY IS STILL A SERIOUS PROBLEM IN MANY COUNTRIES,
IN THE DEVELOPED WORLD AT LEAST THE PREVAILING SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC
SITUATION HAS CHANGED: MANY OF THE ELDERLY ARE MORE AFFLUENT ALTHOUGH
IN CERTAIN COUNTRIES THE CURRENT GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISES HAS REVERSED
THIS TREND BECAUSE OF LOSS IN VALUE OF THEIR INVESTMENTS. NOW LIFE
EXPECTANCY IS MUCH HIGHER BUT THE SUPPORT RATIO – THE WORKING
POPULATION TO THE RETIRED POPULATION – IS MUCH LOWER AND IS SET TO
REDUCE IN MANY DEVELOPING AS WELL AS INDUSTRIALISED COUNTRIES. THIS
CURRENT GLOBAL ECONOMIC, FINANCIAL AND SOCIAL TURMOIL HAS MADE THINGS
EVEN MORE COMPLICATED THAN A YEAR AGO. MORE GOVERNMENTS HAVE TO ALLOT
MORE FUNDS TO STIMULATE THEIR ECONOMIES AND MAKE CASH TRANSFERS TO
ADVERSELY AFFECTED GROUPS, WHICH OTHERWISE WOULD HAVE TO BE FUNDED BY
EXISTING SOCIAL SECURITY INSTITUTIONS OUT OF CONTRIBUTIONS FROM
MEMBERS. THIS IS, HOWEVER, QUITE CONTROVERSIAL AS IT MIGHT BE AGAINST
THEIR LEGISLATED CHARTERS.

TO SET THE STAGE, I WISH TO BRIEFLY REMIND US ALL OF SOME OF THE MAJOR
CHALLENGES IN THE WORLD TODAY – OR THE MEGA-TRENDS, AS THEY ARE OFTEN
REFERRED TO. I WOULD LIKE TO ASK YOU ALL TO THINK DEEPLY ABOUT THE
IMPLICATIONS OF THESE TRENDS FOR SOCIAL SECURITY.

GLOBALIZATION IS WITHOUT DOUBT THE MOST CITED OF THESE MEGA-TRENDS. AS
WE ALL KNOW, GLOBALIZATION CAN BRING MANY OPPORTUNITIES, FOR TRADE,
INVESTMENT, ADVANCES IN TECHNOLOGY – IN SHORT, IT HAS A GREAT POTENTIAL
FOR RAISING WELL-BEING AROUND THE WORLD. BUT, AS WE CAN SEE IN
DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES ALIKE, IT CAN ALSO BRING MISERY,
PRECARIOUSNESS AND GROWING INEQUALITY.

THIS IS INDEED THE PARADOX OF GLOBALISATION. TAKE THE CASE OF ASIA.
WHILE HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF PEOPLE IN ASIA HAVE BEEN LIFTED OUT OF
EXTREME POVERTY, MOST COUNTRIES IN THE REGION HAVE SEEN THE GAP BETWEEN
RICH AND POOR PEOPLE WIDEN SIGNIFICANTLY. WHILE SINGLING OUT
GLOBALIZATION AS THE MAIN CAUSE FOR THESE ESCALATING INEQUALITIES, THE
ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK IN A REPORT PUBLISHED 2 YEARS AGO HAS WARNED
GOVERNMENTS THAT SUCH A TREND COULD “UNDERMINE SOCIAL COHESION AND MAY
LEAD TO VIOLENT CIVIL WAR”, AND GROWTH PROSPECTS WOULD BE JEOPARDIZED.
THE BANK CONCLUDED THEN BY CALLING STRONGLY FOR REDESIGNING
REDISTRIBUTIVE POLICIES AS A POLICY OBJECTIVE FOR THE ASIAN REGION.

SOCIAL SECURITY HAS THEREFORE, AND PERHAPS MORE THAN EVER, A KEY ROLE TO PLAY.

I HAVE TALKED EARLIER ABOUT INNOVATION IN SOCIAL SECURITY PROGRAMMES.
GLOBAL DEVELOPMENTS SUGGEST, HOWEVER, THAT INNOVATION MIGHT BE NEEDED
AT THE POLITICAL LEVEL TOO. MIGHT THERE NOW BE NEED FOR THE MORE
CONCRETE DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL SOCIAL SECURITY MECHANISMS? THE ARABS
ARE GIVING COVERAGE TO ARABS OF OTHER NATIONALITIES WORKING IN THEIR
COUNTRIES. A SIMILAR PROPOSAL TO COVER ASEAN NATIONALS WORKING IN OTHER
ASEAN COUNTRIES WAS PRESENTED AT AN ASEAN SOCIAL SECURITY ASSOCIATION
(ASSA) MEETING LAST YEAR. AND MIGHT THE TIME NOW HAVE COME FOR
DEVELOPING TRULY GLOBAL SOCIAL SECURITY POLICIES AS A RESPONSE TO
ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION? THESE ARE CHALLENGING QUESTIONS.

WHAT IS BEYOND DOUBT IS THAT THE IMPACTS OF GLOBALIZATION ARE HERE TO
STAY. AND AS WORLD ECONOMIES WILL CONTINUE TO GROW, PRESSURE FOR
FLEXIBILITY WILL PROVIDE LESS SECURITY TO WORKERS. MORE MIGRATIONS ARE
TO BE EXPECTED. ALL THIS REQUIRES MORE AND BETTER SOCIAL SECURITY.

THERE ARE OTHER MEGA-TRENDS THAT WILL HAVE MAJOR IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIAL SECURITY IN THE YEARS TO COME.

DEMOGRAPHIC AGEING IS ONE OF THESE. ITS EFFECT IS TO BE FULLY FELT BY
INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES IN THESE NEXT 10 TO 30 YEARS. THE REAL
CHALLENGE IS THEREFORE RIGHT IN FRONT OF US. IT IS AN ISSUE FOR
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AS WELL, AS THE AGEING OF THE POPULATION WILL BE
MUCH FASTER THERE THAN IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES. IT IS FORESEEN FOR
EXAMPLE THAT CHINA WILL HAVE THE SAME PROPORTION OF AGED PEOPLE AS
EUROPE BY 2050 – THAT’S IN A LITTLE MORE THAN 40 YEARS! AS IS OFTEN
MENTIONED, THE REAL CHALLENGE IS NOT AGEING, BUT THE CAPACITY OF
SOCIETIES AND ECONOMIES TO PREPARE FOR THIS AGE REVOLUTION. SOCIAL
SECURITY HAS INDEED A MAJOR ROLE TO PLAY. IN THE PHILIPPINES, AGEING
MIGHT NOT BE AN IMMEDIATE CONCERN BUT THE DEMAND FOR HEALTH CARE OF
MORE PEOPLE GROWING OLD IS STILL A GROWING CONCERN.

ANOTHER MAJOR TREND WILL BE THE TRANSFORMATION OF WORK, IN PARTICULAR
THROUGH THE DIGITAL ECONOMY. THIS INVOLVES A NEW DISTRIBUTION OF LABOUR
THROUGHOUT THE WORLD, AND NEW CHALLENGES IN TERM OF EDUCATION,
TRAINING, AND IN PROVIDING THE NECESSARY INCENTIVES TO KEEP MORE PEOPLE
AT WORK LONGER. PRO-ACTIVE SOCIAL SECURITY POLICIES IN SUPPORT OF THE
LABOUR MARKET WILL BE PARAMOUNT. AFTER ALL, THE BEST SOCIAL SECURITY IS
A JOB.

OTHER MEGA-TRENDS OF SIGNIFICANCE WILL BE CONTINUING URBANIZATION THAT
WILL SEE A MAJORITY OF THE WORLD’S POPULATION LIVING IN CITIES. EVEN
GLOBAL WARMING, A HOT TOPIC TO BE SURE, WILL HAVE AN IMPACT ON SOCIAL
PROTECTION; IN SO FAR AS FLOODING AND DESERTIFICATION WILL INCREASE
MIGRATORY TRENDS AND PRESENT MANY CHALLENGES IN TERMS OF HEALTH. THERE
WILL BE FIERCE COMPETITION BETWEEN SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES AS
WELL, CHALLENGING THE FINANCIAL BASIS FOR EXTENDING SOCIAL SECURITY
PROVISION AND PROVIDING A MINIMUM SOCIAL BENEFIT FOR ALL.

ALL TRENDS MENTIONED HERE, AND OTHERS, WILL ALL ACT TO SHAPE A NEW SOCIAL SECURITY FOR THE NEXT GENERATION.

CHANGES IN SOCIAL CIRCUMSTANCES HAVE SHIFTED THE FOCUS TO THE NEED TO
REDESIGN SCHEMES TO MINIMISE THE IMPACT OF AN AGEING POPULATION AND
INCREASED UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNDEREMPLOYMENT ON THE SUSTAINABILITY OF
SCHEMES AND TO ENSURE INTERGENERATIONAL EQUITY.

RESPONSES TO ACTUAL AND PREDICTED CHANGES IN SOCIAL CONDITIONS ARE
VARIED. SOME COUNTRIES SUCH AS SWEDEN AND CHILE MADE RADICAL STRUCTURAL
REFORMS TO THEIR PENSION SYSTEMS.

OTHER COUNTRIES ARE MAKING PARAMETRIC CHANGES: THERE ARE THOSE THAT ARE
GRADUALLY RAISING THE AGE OF RETIREMENT; OTHERS ARE EQUALIZING
RETIREMENT AGES FOR MEN AND WOMEN IN RESPONSE TO CHANGING GENDER ROLES
AND LEVELS OF EMPLOYMENT AS WELL AS TO DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES. COUNTRIES
HAVE ADOPTED OTHER METHODS TO HELP MEET THE COST OF PROVIDING PENSIONS
FOR AN AGEING POPULATION.

BUT AN AGEING POPULATION HAS IMPLICATIONS NOT ONLY FOR PENSION POLICY
BUT ALSO FOR NUMEROUS OTHER AREAS NOT LEAST HEALTH AND LONG-TERM CARE.
IN THE 1990S A RAPIDLY AGEING POPULATION PROMPTED JAPAN AND GERMANY TO
INTRODUCE A NEW BRANCH OF SOCIAL INSURANCE FOR LONG TERM CARE.

DEVELOPING COUNTRIES WITH YOUNG POPULATIONS FACE MORE IMMEDIATE
PROBLEMS: ESPECIALLY LACK OF HEALTH CARE AND UNEMPLOYMENT. THESE ARE
LONG STANDING AND CHALLENGING ISSUES SPECIALLY NOW IN THE FACE OF
FALTERING ECONOMIES.

LARGE SCALE MIGRATION, TOO, CAN IMPACT ON THE FABRIC OF SOCIETY AND
SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS: AN EXODUS OF LARGE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE OF
WORKING AGE FROM ONE REGION MAY ALTER THE AGE BALANCE OF THE EXPORTING
AND RECEIVING POPULATIONS. THE NEEDS OF MIGRANT WORKERS AND THEIR
FAMILIES HAVE TO BE ADDRESSED AS THEY ARE AMONG THE FIRST ONES TO BE
AFFECTED BY DECLINING ECONOMIES AND ATTENDANT UNEMPLOYMENT.

IT IS CLEAR THAT WE NEED A BETTER UNDERSTANDING AND APPRECIATION OF THE
IMPACT THAT PUSH AND PULL INCENTIVES DESIGNED TO MEET POLICY OBJECTIVES
IN ONE BRANCH OF SOCIAL SECURITY MAY HAVE IN OTHER BRANCHES.
CONSIDERING THESE ISSUES WHEN DESIGNING AND IMPLEMENTING SOCIAL
SECURITY SCHEMES IS ESSENTIAL IN ORDER NOT TO CREATE NEW PROBLEMS IN
THE PROCESS OF RESOLVING OTHERS.

AFTER 82 YEARS OF ENORMOUS EXPERIENCE IN THE ISSA, ONE THING WE KNOW
FOR SURE: NO ONE INDIVIDUAL SYSTEM OR SOLUTION WORKS IN EVERY CASE. WE
KNOW ALL TOO WELL THAT SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS ARE NOT PERFECT AND
NEVER WILL BE; THAT THEY MUST CONSTANTLY ADAPT TO CHANGING SOCIAL AND
ECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES.

ALL OF US AT THIS MEETING BRING OUR EXPERTISE, OUR EXPERIENCES, AND OUR
DIFFERENCES HERE TO THE TABLE. OUR DISCUSSIONS TODAY WILL REFLECT THIS
DIVERSITY AND PROVIDE US WITH THE OPPORTUNITY OF EXCHANGING AND
LEARNING FROM EACH OTHER.

HOW CAN WE ENHANCE THE IMPACT OF OUR SOCIAL SECURITY SCHEMES IN THE
PHILIPPINES TO MAKE THEM MORE EFFECTIVE? WHAT ARE SOME OF THE TRENDS
AND CHALLENGES THAT WE, AND THE NEXT GENERATION, ARE BOUND TO FACE IN
OUR COUNTRY?

OUR ANSWERS TO THESE, AND OTHER IMPORTANT QUESTIONS THAT WILL BE POSED
TODAY AND EVEN LATER, WILL BE THE WRITING OF OUR OWN HISTORY. LADIES
AND GENTLEMEN, WE ARE HERE TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE IN THE EVERYDAY LIVES
OF ORDINARY PEOPLE WHO ARE ALL TOO OFTEN FACING HARDSHIP AND ADVERSITY.
WE ARE PRIVILEGED HERE IN BEING OFFERED THE OPPORTUNITY TO FIGHT, IN
OUR OWN WAY, AGAINST POVERTY AND MISFORTUNE. AND I BELIEVE THAT THIS
BATTLE IS AS WORTHY TODAY AS IT WAS 82 YEARS AGO WHEN THE ISSA WAS
FOUNDED.

OF COURSE, SOCIAL SECURITY CANNOT SINGLE-HANDEDLY SOLVE ALL OF THE
ENORMOUS PROBLEMS THAT ARE BEING FACED ACROSS THE GLOBE AND ACROSS OUR
COUNTRY TODAY. WE ARE BUT A PIECE OF A MUCH LARGER PUZZLE. BUT IF WE
ARE PRO-ACTIVE AND INVEST IN OUR COMMUNITIES WE CAN SURELY CONTRIBUTE
TO THE SOLUTIONS.

CONFIDENCE IN SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS AND IN THE ORGANIZATIONS
ADMINISTERING THEM IS ABSOLUTELY VITAL. IT IS ON OUR SHOULDERS TO
ENSURE THAT THE SYSTEMS THAT WE ADMINISTER ARE RELEVANT, EQUITABLE,
SUSTAINABLE AND WELL-MANAGED AND WOULD HELP CREATE A BETTER WORLD NOT
ONLY FOR OURSELVES BUT FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS, THOSE OF OUR CHILDREN
AND GRANDCHILDREN. IT IS OUR TURN NOW TO BE MEN AND WOMEN OF VISION IN
A WORLD AND IN A COUNTRY WHERE TURMOIL AND OPPORTUNITY SHARE THE STAGE
IN EQUAL PARTS. LIKE THE GENERATIONS BEFORE US, WE MUST ADAPT TO THE
CHANGING SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHALLENGES THAT HAVE NOW BEEN HANDED TO US.

AS I LOOK OUT AT THE TALENT AND EXPERTISE, THE INTELLIGENCE AND ENERGY
THAT HAVE GATHERED HERE TODAY, I HAVE NO DOUBT THAT OUR DISCUSSIONS
WILL INSPIRE US TO BETTER FOCUS OUR EFFORTS AND FIND SOLUTIONS TO THE
MANY DIFFICULT CHALLENGES AHEAD.

THE GOAL OF THIS MEETING IS TO LOOK TO THE BROADER PICTURE, AND TO BE
FORWARD LOOKING. I FIRMLY BELIEVE THAT SOCIAL SECURITY SHOULD GENERATE
MAJOR OPPORTUNITIES FOR ALL PEOPLE. I AM LOOKING FORWARD TO THE DEBATE
IN THE HOPE OF LEARNING HOW WE CAN BETTER ENSURE THAT ALL PEOPLE CAN
HAVE ACCESS TO THE OPPORTUNITIES THAT THEY REQUIRE TO CONTRIBUTE TO
SOCIETY IN AN ACTIVE AND DIGNIFIED MANNER.

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