The final words of General Angelo Reyes, as reported by Malou Mangahas of PCIJ, sum up the systemic and deep-rooted nature of corruption in the Philippines: “I did not invent corruption. I walked into it…. No system is perfect. The AFP system needs a lot of systemic solutions…And the same might be true of some other institutions.”
General Reyes himself identified one of the needed systemic solutions, that is, the reform of the justice system. He said: “(J)ustice can be served if laws are applied evenly and well – not favoring the rich and powerful…. The fight to reform the system and the entire country must continue; the sad part is that they are selectively targeting individuals and institutions.”
Another systemic solution, we submit, is the passage of the Freedom of Information Act. It will work two ways. On the part of government officials and employees, Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile’s captures it precisely when he observed: “I think that if we do this, our desire for a more straightforward and honest government will be accomplished, because then people will have to be very, very careful and circumspect in performing their work in government, in transacting their official business, and in spending the money of the people.” On the part of citizens, it will empower them to look closely into government transactions from the highest to the lowest levels of government.