This paper, written in Filipino, presents a cultural definition of poverty. It describes the various ways Filipinos adapt to poverty in order not to feel desolate. It begins with the assertion that Filipinos do not want to feel desolate. The paper points out that for the poor, poverty is a state of mind. In the […]
This section contains selected papers that were prepared as part of AER’s Policy Study Series on Poverty. The Policy Study project was done in cooperation with the National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC) and the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) as part of the Poverty Alleviation Program of the Social Reform Agenda (PAPSRA). The Philippine Canada Development Fund supported this project, which was completed in December 2001.
The project was designed to contribute to the development of a responsive national policy environment that can effectively address poverty and related development issues. Specifically, it aimed to: 1) assess the country’s poverty situation and identify critical issues that need immediate policy attention; 2) review existing policies, programs and initiatives on poverty reduction; and 3) recommend policy measures, intervention strategies and programs to address persisting poverty in the Philippines.
The policy studies covered a broad range of topics – asset reform, resource management, safety nets, social protection, financing, local governance and others. Several studies highlighted specific issues affecting Mindanao. A set of studies was also prepared to review programs that were being implemented or planned by NAPC.
The paper argues that the fisherfolks are among the poorest and the fishery sector as among the more vulnerable sectors in agriculture. The sector confronts environment degradation, unfair competition, lack of access to services and inefficient implementation of fishery laws.
This paper analyzes the program components, strategies and structures of the KALAHI (Kapit-bisig Laban sa Kahirapan) Program, President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo's response to alleviate poverty in the Philippines. It also examines the status of the KALAHI program implementation, with the end in view of defining its strengths, the areas where improvements could be made, and […]
This paper was written to assist NAPC in formulating a capability-building program that will make most efficient and effective use of the People's Development Trust Fund for the benefit of micro-finance institutions and their clients. In doing so, it looks into the sufficiency of these funds to accommodate or match the capability-building needs of the […]
Through a micro-finance sector growth continuum, this paper shows that there is definitely a future for wholesale lending which is not limited to PCFC alone. Other wholesale lenders (of private origin) should also be allowed to thrive, and to a certain extent, to thrive with government support. This especially goes for wholesale lenders with an […]
This paper discusses lessons from past experiences in structural adjustment programs and concludes that structural reforms done via sector deregulation without serious accompanying institutional reforms are dangerous and are likely to experience limited success or fail altogether.