Addressing Education Needs of Mindanao’s Poorest

The paper scans briefly the overall performance of the education sector
and highlights the particular situation of Mindanao. It cited
particularly the poorest regions (the Autonomous Region of Muslim
Mindanao or ARMM and Western Mindanao) that consistently scored lowest
in most education-related indicators and get a disproportionate share
of the education budget.

The paper scans briefly the overall performance of the education sector
and highlights the particular situation of Mindanao. It cited
particularly the poorest regions (the Autonomous Region of Muslim
Mindanao or ARMM and Western Mindanao) that consistently scored lowest
in most education-related indicators and get a disproportionate share
of the education budget. The following key issues were identified:
inadequate resources; the continuing armed conflict; the low school
attendance and completion rate among the Muslim communities and ethnic
minorities; poor infrastructure and accessibility problems in remote
areas; and the bias school curricula and teaching approaches. The paper
cited several policy measures to improve the situation: strengthen
nonformal education; install contingency measures in high conflict
zones; increase the education budget for Mindanao specifically for the
poorest, conflict-prone and remote communities; active recruitment and
training of locally-based teachers; decentralize to strengthen local
community management of schools; and strengthen partnership with NGOs
and local communities.

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